The complexity of the divine events after the crucifixion, entombment, and resurrection of Christ is recorded in all of the gospels. It is John the Evangelist who brings us a more intimate glimpse of the disciples' emotions when their Master appears to them individually and collectively.
John tells us that it was evening on this particular day, the first of the week, in the place where the disciples were. The doors were firmly shut.
Remember, they had been scattered about when Christ was arrested. They were meeting probably at an unknown house near Jerusalem, behind locked doors. They were in fear of the Jews.
Suddenly, Jesus stood in their midst. He appeared before the disciples in the room and said to them, "Peace be unto you." When He said this, He showed them His hands and His side.
Once more He said, "Peace be with you!" He reminded them that as the Father sent Him, He also sends them. Then, He breathed on them. "Receive the Holy Spirit."
Thomas, one of the disciples, was no longer with them when Jesus came. He stayed away.
The other disciples told him, "We have seen the Lord!" but he replied, "If I do not see in His hands the holes of the nails, and if I do not put my hand into His side, I shall not believe."
26And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
27Then saith he to Thomas, reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
28And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
29Jesus saith unto him, "Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed:
blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed."
Art: The Doubting Thomas by Carl Heinrich Bloch